IMPROVEMENT OF SEED VIABILITY AND VIGOR OF SEVERAL RICE VARIETIES WITH VARIOUS PRIMING METHODS

Authors

  • Sheila Izdihar Hendra Putri Graduate Program of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Jalan Padang Selasa 524, Pa-lembang, South Sumatra 30139, Indonesia.
  • Rujito Agus Suwignyo Center of Excellence Peatland Conservation and Productivity Improvement (CoE PLACE) Sriwijaya University
  • Zaidan Panji Negara Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. Jalan Raya Palembang-Prabumulih km 32, Indralaya, Indonesia.
  • Firdaus Sulaiman Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. Jalan Raya Palembang-Prabumulih km 32, Indralaya, Indonesia.
  • Irmawati Irmawati Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. Jalan Raya Palembang-Prabumulih km 32, Indralaya, Indonesia.

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.9.2.2023.392

Keywords:

Deterioration , Priming , Rice Seed , Viability , Vigor

Abstract

Rice serves as Indonesia's main food source, but inadequate storage conditions can lead to seed deterioration and diminished germination performance. To enhance the viability and vigor of stored seeds, this study explores various priming methods' effects on multiple rice varieties. Employing a completely randomized design (CRD) with two factors, the first factor involves rice varieties (V) categorized by germination ranges: 41–50% (V1 = Toyonishiki, V2 = Yoneshiro), 51–60% (V3 = Jaya, V4 = IR50), 61–70% (V5 = Fortuna, V6 = Sulutan), and 71–80% (V7 = IR 24, V8 = Inpago 5). The second factor is seed priming (P), including control, hydropriming, and osmopriming. Results indicate that priming enhances maximum growth potential, germination percentage, vigor index, growth speed, plumule and radicle length, as well as fresh and dry weight. Hydropriming outperforms osmopriming, particularly in vigor index, growth speed, plumule and radicle length, and dry weight. Priming proves more effective in improving maximum growth potential, germination percentage, vigor index, and growth speed at lower germination percentage ranges (41–60%). The most significant priming-induced increases in radicle length, fresh weight, and dry weight occur in higher germination percentage ranges (61–80%)

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Published

09-12-2023

How to Cite
Write scientific names with Italic fonts:

Putri, S. I. H., Suwignyo, R. A., Negara, Z. P., Sulaiman, F., & Irmawati, I. (2023). IMPROVEMENT OF SEED VIABILITY AND VIGOR OF SEVERAL RICE VARIETIES WITH VARIOUS PRIMING METHODS. BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal, 9(2), 103–109. https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.9.2.2023.392

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Vol 9, No 2 (2023): Nov 2023