Acremonium variecolor strain 130360 VS Trichoderma harzianum STRAIN MGQ2 IN BIOCONTROL: AN OVERVIEW OF FUNGAL ANTAGONIST APPLIED AGAINST FUNGAL PATHOGEN Fusarium oxysporum, A CAUSE OF MOLER’S DISEASE IN SHALLOT

Authors

  • Gunawan Sutio Research and Development
  • Rani Maharani Research and Development, PT. Prima Agrotech, Indonesia
  • Nur Afifah Azzahra Research and Development, PT. Prima Agrotech, Indonesia

Article Metrics

This article Abstract has been read: 49 times
Total Views: 49 times

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.8.2.2022.319

Keywords:

efficiency , production factors , productivity , rawa lebak rice fields

Abstract

One  of  the  common  diseases  of  shallot  is  moler  disease,  caused by Fusarium oxysporum. This disease causes some damage to the plant. The attack mechanism of Fusarium oxysporum is by penetrating, colonizing, and multiplying in the root area, then parasitizing and inhibiting  the  process of  carrying  water  to  whole  parts  of  the  plant. Biological   control   of   moler   diseases   using   fungal   antagonist   has developed considerably in recent years. Fungal antagonists play a significant role in controlling plant pathogens and moler diseases caused by Fusarium oxysporum, such as Trichoderma harzianum and Acremonium variecolor. A series of experiments in field conducted to assess the comparison of ability between Trichoderma harzianum strain MGQ2   and   Acremonium   variecolor   strain   130360   in   effectively controling moler in shallot.

Last Year PDF Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hakim AR, Rajiman, dan R. Nalinda. 2017. Analisis nilai ekonomi usahatani bawang merah (Alium cepa L.) off season dan in seasin pada lahan pasir pantai (studi kasus di Desa Srigading Kecamatan Sanden Kabupaten Bantul DIY). SEPA J. Sos. Ekon. Pertan. dan Agribisnis 14(1): 53–60. doi:10.20961/sepa.v14i1. 21046.

Adhi, S.R. dan T. Suganda. 2020. Potensi jamur rizosfer bawang merah dalam menekan Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae, penyebab penyakit busuk umbi bawang merah. Jurnal Kultivasi, 19(1): 1015-1022.

Sarah, Asrul, Lakani I. 2018. Uji antagonis jamur Aspergillus niger terhadap perkembangan jamur patogenik Fusarium oxysporum pada bawang merah (Allium cepa agregatum L. aggregatum group) secara in vitro. Jurnal Agrotekbis, 6(2): 266 – 273.

Tasik S, Widyastuti SM, & Harjono. 2015. Mekanisme Parasitisme Trichoderma harzianum Terhadap Fusarium oxysporum Pada Semai Acacia mangium. Jurnal HPT Tropika, 15(1): 72 – 80.

Puyam, A. 2016. Advent of Trichoderma as a bio-control agent- A review. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8 (2): 1100 – 1109.

Napitupulu TP, Ilyas M, Kanti A, and Sudiana IM, 2019. In vitro evaluation of Trichoderma harzianum strains for the control of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense. Pathology & Quarantine, 9(1): 152–159. Doi 10.5943/ppq/9/1/13

Grunewaldt-Stöcker, G., von Alten, H. 2003. Plant health effects of Acremonium root endophytes compared to those of arbuscular mycorrhiza. In: Abe, J. (eds) Roots: The Dynamic Interface between Plants and the Earth. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences, vol 101. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-29239_44

Guarro J, del Palacio A, Gené J, Cano J, González CG. 2009. A case of colonization of a prosthetic mitral valve by Acremonium strictum. Rev Iberoam Micol. 26: 146-8.

Papavizas GC. 1985. Trichoderma and Gliocladium: biology, ecology, and potential for biocontrol. Ann. Rev. Phytopathology, 23: 23-54.

Baker, R. 1991. Induction of rhizosphere competence in the biocontrol fungus, Trichoderma. In: Beltsville symposia in agricultural research. Te rhizosphere and plant growth (eds. D.L. Keister and P.B. Cregan) 14: 221-228.

Santoso SE, Soesanto L, dan Haryanto TAD. 2007. Penekanan Hayati Penyakit Moler Pada Bawang Merah dengan Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma koningii, dan Pseudomonas fluorescens P60. Jurnal HPT Tropika, 7(1): 53-61.

Nugroho AA, Hadiwiyono, Sudadi. 2015. Potensi Jamur Perakaran sebagai Agens Pengendalian Hayati Penyakit Moler (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cepae) pada Bawang Merah. Agrosains, 17(1): 4-8.

Nurbalis dan Martius. 2011. Pemanfaatan baahan organik sebagai pembawa ntuk meningkatkan kepadatan populasi Trichoderma viridae pada rhizosfir pisang dan pengaruhnya terhadap penyakit layu Fusarium. Jurnal. HPT. Tropika. Vol. 11 (2): 177- 184.

Yasintasari A, Hadi P, Prabowo SM. 2021. Pengaruh Dosis dan Waktu Pemberian Trichoderma sp Terhadap Fusarium oxysporum Pada Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L.). Jurnal Viabel Pertanian, 15(2): 115-122.

Joost RE. 1995. Acremonium in fescue and ryegrass: boon or bane. A review. J Anim Sci. 73(3):881-8. doi: 10.2527/1995.733881x. PMID: 7608023.

Juwanda M, Khotimah K, Amin M. 2016. Peningkatan Ketahanan Bawang Merah terhadap Penyakit Layu Fusarium melalui Induksi Ketahanan dengan Asam Salisilat Secara In Vitro. Agrin, 20(1): 15-28.

Mayra I. Grano-Maldonado et al. 2021. First Molecular Characterization of Colletotrichum sp. and Fusarium sp. Isolated from Mangrove in Mexico and the Antagonist Effect of Trichoderma harzianum as an Effective Biocontrol Agent. Plant Pathol Journal, 37(5):465-475. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.OA.03.2021.0048

Pane, Suci I., et al. "Respons Pertumbuhan Kedelai Terhadap Pemangkasan Dan Pemberian Kompos Tkks Pada Lahan Ternaungi." Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Universitas Sumatera Utara, vol. 2, no. 1, 2013, doi:10.32734/jaet.v2i1.5840.

Published

01-09-2022

How to Cite
Write scientific names with Italic fonts:

Sutio, G., Maharani, R., & Azzahra, N. A. . (2022). Acremonium variecolor strain 130360 VS Trichoderma harzianum STRAIN MGQ2 IN BIOCONTROL: AN OVERVIEW OF FUNGAL ANTAGONIST APPLIED AGAINST FUNGAL PATHOGEN Fusarium oxysporum, A CAUSE OF MOLER’S DISEASE IN SHALLOT. BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal, 8(2), 164–167. https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.8.2.2022.319

Issue

Section

Vol 8, No 2 (2022): Nov 2022