HISTOLOGY TEST OF TILAPIA (Oreochromis niloticus) ON ADSORBENT PERFORMANCE RESULTS IN LIQUID TREATMENT OF INDUSTRY PULP AND PAPER WASTE
Keywords:Fly ash , pulp , histopathology , Oreochromis niloticus
Pulp and paper industry fly ash is categorized as B3 waste, namely hazardous and toxic waste. Liquid waste produced by the pulp and paper industry contains pollutants that are toxic and can cause pathological and histopathological changes in important tissues such as the gills of fish that live in the waters around the disposal. The purpose of this study was to analyze the histology of tilapia on the performance results of fly ash adsorbents in the management of liquid waste in the pulp and paper industry. The research method has 6 treatments, namely the ratio of fly ash to pulp and paper liquid waste (20 g; 1 L) namely P0: 100 % well water control, P1: lowest liquid waste 5 % + 9.5 % well water, P2: 5 % liquid waste fly ash adsorbent + 95 % well water, P3: 6.25 % liquid waste fly ash adsorbent + 93.75 % well water, P4: 7.5 % liquid waste fly ash adsorbent + 92.5 L of well water, P5: 8.75 % fly ash adsorbent + 91.25 % well water, P6: 10 % fly ash adsorbent + 9 % well water. Water quality measurements such as temperature, NH3, pH and DO were carried out. Observation of gill histology used microtechnical method which includes deparaffinization and histological staining (HE). Analysis was carried out on changes in cell morphology in gill tissue. The results showed that the morphology of gill cells in liquid waste pulp and paper 5 % found gill damage in the form of congestion, secondary lamella fusion, secondary filament rupture and goblet proliferation occurred in the treatment of wastewater treatment while Fly ash adsorbent 5 % damaged gills in the form of congestion and fusion of secondary lamellae. From the results of the Fly ash functions can reduce damage to body organs in fish, especially on the gills so that it can reduce the number of deaths in fish compared to treatment without the use of fly ash.
Last Year PDF Downloads
Regulation of the Minister of Environment of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5 of 2014 con-cerning Wastewater Quality Standards. Wastewater Quality Standards for Pulp and Paper Businesses and/or Activities
R.S. Soetopo, S. Purwati, Y. Setiawan, and K. Sep-tiningrum. Toxicity of Wastewater from Paper Pulp Bleaching Process on Carp (Cyprinus Carpio. L). Bandung : Center for Pulp and Paper, 2007.
R. Andriani and Hartini. 2017. Toxicity of Batik Industry Liquid Waste to the Morphology of Gift Tilapia (Oreochomis nilotocus) Scales. Sainhealth, 1(2): 83 – 91. ISSN: 2548-8333. E-ISSN: 2549-2586.
I.A.N.S. Utami, A.A.A. Ciptojoyo and N.N. Wi-adnyana. 2017. Histopathology of Gills of Sia-mese Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) Infested with Monogenean Trematodes. Aquaculture Me-dia, 12(1): 35-43. ISSN: 1907-6762. E-ISSN: 2502-9460. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/ma.12.1.2017.35-43.
V. Aulia, W. Subchan and J. Waluyo. 2014. Tox-icity of Liquid Waste from Fish Canning Industry in Muncar on Mortality of Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Uni-versity of Jember. (Scientific articles) : Jember.
H. Husni. 2016. Acute Toxicity Test of Tofu In-dustrial Liquid Waste against Carp (Cyprinus car-pio.Lin) (Case Study: Tofu Industrial Liquid Waste ‘SUPER”, Padang). University of Andalas, Padang. Retrieved from Theses database.
I. Zulfahmi, Muliari and Y. Akmal. Hepatosomatic and Histopathological Index of Tilapia (Oreo-chromis Niloticus Linnaeus 1758) Liver exposed to Liquid Waste. Proceeding National Seminar on Research and Study Results 2017. SEMDI-UNAYA, Aceh. pp. 301–314.
M. Rachmaningrum, E. Wardhani and K. Phar-mawati. 2015. Concentration of Heavy Metal Cadmium (Cd) in Upper Citarum River Waters in the Dayeuhkolot-Nanjung Segment. Reka Ling-kungan, 1(3): 1- 11. ISSN: 2722-6077. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26760/ rekalingkungan.
N. Sarengat, I. Setyorini and Prayitno. Effect of Adsorbent Use on Ammonia (NH3-N) Content in Rubber Industry Liquid Waste RSS. Proceeding National Seminar on Research and Study Results 2015. Center for Leather, Rubber and Plastics, Yogyakarta. pp. 75-84. ISSN: 2477-3298.
Decree of the State Minister for Population and Environment No. 03. 2014
F. Alifia. 2013. Histopathology of milkfish gills (Chanos chanos forskall) contaminated with lead (Pb). Journal Balik Diwa. 4(1): 38-45.
Government Regulation. 2001. Government Regu-lation Number 82 of concerning Water Quality Management and Water Pollution Control.
G.C. Clarke. Elements of Ecology. New York: John Willey and Sons, Inc, 1954.
P.S. Welch. Limnology. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc, 1952.
M.N. Azis, T. Herawati, Z. Anna and I. Nurruhwa-ti, 2018. The Effect of Chromium Metal (Cr) on the Histopathology of Gill Organs, Liver and Fish Flesh in the Upper Cimanuk River, Garut Regen-cy. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 9(1): 119-128. ISSN: 2088-3137.
N. Wikiandy, Rosidah and Titin, H. 2013. The Impact of Textile Industry Waste Pollution on Damage to the Organ Structure of Fish Living in the Upper Citarum River Basin. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 4(3): 215-225. ISSN : 2088-3137.
S. Yolanda, Rosmaidar, Nazaruddin., T. Arman-syah., U. Balqis and Y. Fahrimal. 2017. Effect of Lead (Pb) Exposure on Histopathological Gill Ti-lapia (Oreochromis nilloticus). Jurnal Ilmiah Ma-hasiswa Veteriner (JIMVET.), 10(4): 736-741. ISSN : 2540-9492.
N. Panigoro, I. Astuti, M. Bahnan, PDC. Salfira and K. Wakita. 2007. Basic Histology Techniques and Atlas of Fish Histopathology Fundamentals of the Jambi Freshwater Cultivation Center. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and the Japan In-ternational Operations Agency, Japan. Retrieved from Theses database.
P.E. Sudaryatma and N.N. Eriawati. 2012. Histo-pathologic Feature(s) of The Dactylogyrus sp-Infected Gills in The Ornamental Marine Fish. Jurnal Sain Veteriner, 30(1): 68-75. ISSN : 0126 – 0421.
L.W. Sipahutar, D. Aliza, Winaruddin and Naza-ruddin. 2013. Histopathological description of ti-lapia gills kept in water temperatures above nor-mal. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 7(1): 1-3. ISSN : 0853-1943. E-ISSN: 2503-1600. DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.21157/j.med.vet..v7i1.2912.
Ramdhani, A. R., 2017. Histopathological analysis of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) gills in the Acute Toxicity Test of Pesticides with Cyperme-thrin. Essay. Water Resources Management Study Program. Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Brawijaya University, Malang.
P.K. Bhattacharya. Metal Ions in Biochemistry. Alpha Science International Ltd: UK. 2006.
How to Cite
Write scientific names with Italic fonts:
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a License Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
d. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing right of articles without restrictions.