INNOVATION OF SINBIOTIC FORMULA FOR THE GROWTH OF WHITE SHRIMP LARVAE (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Authors

  • Sumardi Sumardi Biology Departement, University of Lampung
  • Christina Nugroho Ekowati Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Science University of Lampung, Lampung, Jl. Prof. Dr. Ir. Su-mantri Brojonegoro, Gedong Meneng, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, 35141
  • Endang Linirin Widiastuti Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Science University of Lampung, Lampung, Jl. Prof. Dr. Ir. Su-mantri Brojonegoro, Gedong Meneng, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, 35141
  • Ainun Rohmawati Bareta Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Science University of Lampung, Lampung, Jl. Prof. Dr. Ir. Su-mantri Brojonegoro, Gedong Meneng, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, 35141
  • Sarno Sarno Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Science University of Sriwijaya University, Indralaya, Jl. Palembang-Indralaya, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra, 30139.

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.7.2.2021.182

Keywords:

Litopenaeus vannamei, absolute length growth, synbiotic, survival rate

Abstract

In the hatchery of white shrimp larvae, there are some problems, such as a decreased water quality and diseases caused by bacteria which cause a decrease in shrimp growth. The solution to reduce these problems is by applying synbiotics. This research aimed to make an innovative synbiotic formula for the absolute length growth and survival rate of white shrimp larvae (Litopenaeus vannamei) as well as  the total number of bacteria and the number of Vibrio sp. In this study, there were four treatments, as follows: C-: negative control (without synbiotic application) C+: positive control (commercial synbiotic) P: probiotic 2.5 x 105 cfu/ml and prebiotic 1,5 ppm Q: probiotic 5 x 105 cfu/ml and prebiotic 1 ppm R: probiotic 7,5 x 105 cfu/ml and prebiotic 0,5 ppm S: probiotic 106 cfu/ml and prebiotic 2 ppm, each treatment with four repetitions. This research was set up in a completely randomized design experiment using twenty-four plastic tanks with 50 L total volume filled with 20 L sterile sea water and stocked with 4,000 nauplii in the PT. Citra Larva Cemerlang hatchery, Kalianda, Lampung. Variables observed in this research were survival rate, absolute length growth, total bacterial and Vibrio sp. counts, and water quality in the white shrimp larvae (Litopenaeus vannamei). The results showed that the best survival rate is in treatment S (probiotic 106 cfu/ml and prebiotic 2 ppm) (87.7%), the highest absolute length growth is in treatment P (3.8 mm), the highest total bacteria was in treatment S (11.1 log cfu/ml), and the best total Vibrio sp. is in treatment S (3.5 log cfu/ml). Water quality of the six treatments shows results that are still in normal conditions following Indonesian National Standard SNI 7311: 2009.

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Published

2021-11-05

How to Cite
Write scientific names with Italic fonts:

Sumardi, S., Nugroho Ekowati, C. ., Linirin Widiastuti, E. ., Rohmawati Bareta, A. ., & Sarno, S. (2021). INNOVATION OF SINBIOTIC FORMULA FOR THE GROWTH OF WHITE SHRIMP LARVAE (Litopenaeus vannamei). BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal, 7(2), 71-81. https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.7.2.2021.182

Issue

Section

Vol 7, No 2 (2021): Nov 2021