PRESENCE of SUMATRAN ELEPHANTS (Elephas maximus sumatranus) in THE ECOTONE AREA of SEMBILANG NATIONAL PARK (TNSTNS) and PALM OIL PLANTATION in SEMENANJUNG BANYUASIN SEMENANJUNG, SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE

Authors

  • Dafid Pirnanda Pasca Sarjana Biologi, FMIPA UNSRI ZSL-INDOESIA
  • Indra Yustian Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Palembang
  • Zulkifli Dahlan Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Palembang
  • Winda Indrianti Magister of Conservation Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,Sriwijaya University, Palembang
  • Ina Aprilia Magister of Conservation Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,Sriwijaya University, Palembang
  • Alex Ridwan Berbak and Sembilang National Park Management Office (BTNBS),Palembang
  • Setiono Setiono Natural Resources Conservation Agencyof South Sumatera (BKSDA Sumatera Selatan), Palembang
  • Yoga Travolindra Hutan Kita Institute, Palembang
  • Larissa Deviani Salaki Zoological Society of London - Indonesia, Project KELOLA Sendang, Palembang

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.6.2.2020.162

Keywords:

Sumatran Elephant, Conservation, Sembilang National Park (TNSTNS), Semenajung Banyuasin, South Sumatra

Abstract

A research to monitor the presence of Sumatran elephant between two ecosystem in Sembilang National Park (TNSTNS) and palm palm oilplantation has been conducted on March until June 2019 at Semenanjung Banyuasin Semenanjung, South Sumatra. This research aimed to verify the presence of Sumatran elephantpopulation and to estimate the number of elephant individuals in the area. The methods used weredirect observation during the day and indirect monitoring through installation of Camera Traps for 1 month. In addition, secondary data was collected in the form of data archives from the palm oil plantation records and interviews with affected plantation workers. From direct observation, Wedirect encountered one elephant individual and fifteen signs of elephant activities, such as sounds, footprints, and feces. From camera trap photos, we identified and verified onepopulation of Sumatran Elephants which consisted of at least twenty-two individuals with composition as follows: eight adult females, two young females, three infant females, and nine males. The ecotone area between TNS and palm palm oil plantation should be designated as a new habitat patchof Sumatran elephant that needs to be managed appropriately in order to maintain the designation of the area as a conservation area.

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Published

2020-11-11

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Pirnanda, D., Yustian, I., Dahlan, Z. ., Indrianti, W., Aprilia, I., Ridwan, A., Setiono, S., Travolindra, Y., & Deviani Salaki, L. . (2020). PRESENCE of SUMATRAN ELEPHANTS (Elephas maximus sumatranus) in THE ECOTONE AREA of SEMBILANG NATIONAL PARK (TNSTNS) and PALM OIL PLANTATION in SEMENANJUNG BANYUASIN SEMENANJUNG, SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE. BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.24233/biov.6.2.2020.162

Issue

Section

Vol 6, No 2 (2020): November 2020

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