• Shkar Rzgar K.Rostam Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region- Iraq
  • Khattab Ahmed Mustafa Shekhany Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region- Iraq and General Director at the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research-KRG
  • Harem Othman Smail Department of Biology, Faculty of science and health, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region-F. R. Iraq

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Biochemical parameters , biochemical markers , COVID 19 symptoms , healthy control , Serological tests


Nowadays in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, the number of patients have common symptoms with COVID-19 infection rapidly increased. 123 patients which they had common symptoms with COVID-19 and 94 healthy control individuals (non-COVID-19) were subjected for quantitative analysis for each one of the following biochemical parameters, Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq. We analyze clinical features and compared the differences between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 symptoms. Among the healthy control individuals, the absolute value of LDH, CPK Creatine Kinase and CRP were determined in between the normal range, and in compare with patients with COVID-19 symptoms their values were smaller and, the P value was (P <0.05). All three biochemical parameters increased among patients with COVID-19 symptoms, but more significantly, steadily increase was observed only in LDH value in age above and under 40 years (284.43±10.29 and 321.23±16.32 U/L), and p-value was (0.0488). Male patients had higher levels of LDH (299.32±11.42 U/L), CPK Creatine Kinase (195.90±26.65 mg/L), and C-Reactive Protein (5.86±3.96 mg/L) in compared with the female patients. Our study suggested that among patients who have COVID 19 symptoms, increased LDH is the advised and helpful biochemical marker among routine panel for COVID-19 infection evaluation. Also, CRP levels were positively correlated with male patients when compared with the healthy control.

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Vol 6, No 2 (2020): November 2020